Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a vein disease that occurs when a blood clot forms in one of the deep veins of the body. Pain or swelling normally comes along with the clot, but it is possible there might not be any symptoms. It’s important to know what causes DVT to understand how to prevent it.
The following different factors could put you at increased risk of developing DVT:
Varicose Veins – A study by the journal JAMA found that with individuals suffering from varicose veins, there is a significantly increased risk of developing DVT.
Genetic Risk – You can inherit a higher risk for DVT.
Bed Rest or Prolonged Sitting – Extended periods of laying or sitting down can disrupt healthy blood flow and lead to clotting.
Pregnancy – Increased pressure in your pelvis and legs from pregnancy can potentially lead to blood clots.
Weight Problems – Being overweight or obese puts more strain on your veins.
Smoking – Smoking’s negative effects on your circulation and clotting dramatically increases the risk of DVT.
Hormones – Taking birth control or hormone replacement therapy can increase clotting.
The most common warning signs of DVT include pain, warmth, swelling or discomfort in the leg. It might also occur without noticeable symptoms. DVT may lead to pulmonary embolism, which has its own set of symptoms, including shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, dizziness and coughing up blood. If you’re showing any of those symptoms, you may need in-depth vein thrombosis treatment.
The best way to avoid DVT is to stay active, avoid too much rest and quit using cigarettes if you are a current smoker.
To diagnose DVT, your doctor will interview you, use an ultrasound to map your veins and potentially run blood tests. If DVT is confirmed, there are a variety of options available for treatment. A doctor may administer blood thinners or clot busters. In very severe cases, DVT treatment may be necessary.
Long days of teaching exacerbated the burning and restless feelings in Kendra Brauer’s legs. The bruises and visible veins also provoked curious questions from her second-grade students if she wore anything shorter than full-length pants. Brauer first noticed a bruise on her leg when she was in her mid-20s. Slowly, more veins showed up and […]