Deep vein thrombosis is a venous disease that occurs when one of the deep veins in the body develops a blood clot. Deep vein thrombosis pain or swelling normally comes along with the clot, but it is possible there might not be any symptoms. It’s important to know what causes deep vein thrombosis to understand how to prevent it.

Causes

Anything that disrupts healthy blood flow and clotting can lead to deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Several different factors could put you at risk.

  • Genetic Risk – You can inherit a higher risk for DVT. There is a disorder that can cause unhealthy blood clotting, especially if paired with other risk factors.
  • Bed Rest – Extended periods of laying down in bed can disrupt healthy blood flow and lead to clotting. Keeping the legs active helps the blood circulate because the calf muscles contract to help blood move. Prolonged sitting might have the same effect.
  • Pregnancy – Being pregnant can increase pressure in your pelvis and legs, potentially leading to blood clots.
  • Weight problems- Being overweight or obese puts more strain on your veins.
  • Smoking – Smoking’s negative effects on your circulation and clotting dramatically increases the risk of DVT.
  • Hormones – Taking birth control or hormone replacement therapy can increase clotting.

The best way to avoid DVT is to stay active, avoid too much rest and quit using cigarettes if you are a current smoker. There are countless other causes as well, including cancer, age, heart disease and Chron’s disease. For more information on potential risk factors, contact your doctor.

Symptoms

The most common warning signs of DVT include pain, warmth, swelling or discomfort in the leg. It might also occur without noticeable symptoms. DVT may lead to pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism has its own set of symptoms, including shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, dizziness and coughing up blood. If you’re showing any of those symptoms, you may need in-depth vein thrombosis treatment.

How to Get Rid of Deep Vein Thrombosis

To diagnose DVT, your doctor will interview you, use an ultrasound to map your veins, and potentially run blood tests. If DVT is confirmed, there are a variety of options available for treatment. A doctor may administer blood thinners or clot busters. In very severe cases, DVT treatment may be necessary. DVT treatment is not nearly as complicated as it used to be. Contact a medical professional who specializes in noninvasive DVT treatment.