Poor Blood Circulation Causes & Symptoms

Good circulation is important for your health. The body’s circulatory system carries oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, delivering blood to the organs and tissues. Certain chronic health conditions, such as type two diabetes, can lead to poor blood circulation. When circulation is limited, other health problems arise as a result. Fortunately, lifestyle changes can help improve circulation and prevent potential complications.

What Causes Poor Circulation?

Circulation issues are usually related to an underlying health condition. Some of the most common illnesses that affect circulation include:

Venous Insufficiency

Venous Insufficiency occurs when veins become damaged and are unable to circulate blood throughout the body effectively.

Peripheral Artery Disease and Atherosclerosis

This is when blood vessels and arteries are narrowed down and, in turn, prevent blood from flowing to the extremities.

Blood Clots

Blood Clots that develop in the arms and legs particularly affect blood circulation.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

DVT is a type of blood clot that occurs deep in a leg vein.

Type 2 Diabetes

When blood sugar is not controlled, Type 2 Diabetes can cause issues with the heart and circulatory system.

Raynaud’s Disease

Raynaud’s Disease is a condition that causes the narrowing of small arteries in fingers and toes.


Obesity puts increased stress on the circulatory system, often causing circulation issues for those who are overweight.

What Are the Symptoms of Poor Circulation?

Symptoms of poor circulation are usually present in the arms and legs. Symptoms can include tingling, numbness, swelling, muscle cramps, coldness in feet or hands, painful throbbing, or stinging. There are many other symptoms that are related to the underlying cause of poor circulation. For example, peripheral artery diseases can affect erectile function. Another example is those who have diabetes may notice their wounds heal more slowly.

How Is Poor Circulation Diagnosed?

If you experience any of these symptoms, your doctor will take a complete health history to look for the underlying cause of poor circulation. He or she may also conduct blood pressure testing, blood tests, and ultrasound imaging to diagnose health problems that cause poor circulation. When you’re experiencing poor circulation in your legs, visit a leg vein specialist for ultrasound vein mapping to identify the cause of your circulation issues.

How to Treat Poor Circulation

Often, treating the cause of poor circulation will help resolve symptoms. Getting to the route of your circulation issue is the important part. Varicose veins can be removed with endoscopic or laser surgery. Another way to help improve blood circulation and reduce the uncomfortable symptoms associated with poor circulation is to use compression socks. Your doctor may also recommend exercises to improve circulation.

You can also make lifestyle changes that improve circulation. Losing weight when overweight or obese reduces stress on the blood vessels. Smoking can damage the blood vessels and is a significant risk factor for circulation problems. It also raises the risk for peripheral artery disease.

If your blood pressure is too high, take steps to control it. Your doctor may recommend blood pressure medication if you are unable to lower your numbers with diet and exercise. Drinking enough water and getting regular exercise can help blood flow more freely. If you spend a lot of time sitting, try to get up and walk around every so often.

What Complications or Issues Are Associated With Poor Circulation?

Poor circulation can damage the nerves and tissues when left untreated because these nerves and tissues are not getting the blood and nutrients they need. This is especially prevalent among people who have type 2 diabetes because they may also have numbness that affects the ability to feel symptoms of poor circulation.

When peripheral artery disease is the cause of poor circulation, the person is at increased risk for a stroke or heart attack. This can occur when the blood vessels to the brain or arteries leading to the heart become blocked. Blood clots can also cause a stroke if they break free and travel to the brain, while DVT can lead to a pulmonary embolism.

Improve Your Vein Health: Contact Gilvydis Vein Clinics in Illinois

Do you need help with vein health near Batavia? If you have issues with your veins that are affecting circulation, visit the team at the Gilvydis Vein Clinic. Contact us to make an appointment at one of our convenient locations in Geneva and Sycamore today!